Cucumber Varieties - What's the Difference?

varieties of cucumbers

There are several cucumber varieties available to the backyard vegetable gardener. Some are tried and true standards, others are more exotic.

In our own garden, we typically grow a couple of different varieties of cucumbers.  For pickles, we like Boston Pickling.  They are an heirloom variety that can be traced back almost 150 years.  We like the size and shape of these pickles and they work great for pickle slices, spears or even whole.  For slicing cucumbers, we like Marketmore 76, which is an heirloom variety.  These pickles are typically 8-9 inches long, and very tender.  Their thick skins protects the fruit and they tend to last longer than other varieties.  We also like their flavor and the fact that the plants demonstrate great disease resistance.

Here's some cucumber seeds if you're interested...

When choosing which cucumber varieties you want to grow, take a couple of things into consideration.  First, think about what you want to use the cucumbers for.  Are you looking for for fresh slicers, or do you want to put up a bunch of pickles?  Choose a variety that will produce the right cucumbers for what you want to use them for.  Second, think about how much space you have or how you are going to grow the cucumbers.  If you have tons of space, the size of the plants really don't matter.  But if your space is limited, or if you'll be growing your cucumbers in a container, choose a variety with smaller vines - look for something with "bush" in the name.

Cucumbers can be divided into 4 categories:

  • Slicing
  • Pickling
  • Burpless
  • Specialty

Here is a partial list of some of the more common varieties from each category, along with fruit descriptions and use recommendations.

Cucumber Varieties

SLICING CUCUMBERS - just as the name suggests, good by themselves, in salads or in most cucumber recipes

Long Green Cucumbers
  • Bush Champion - bright green fruit 9-12 inches long, compact plant good for containers, long production season
  • Bush Crop - crisp and tender medium green fruit reach 6-9 inches long, bushy hybrid plant, high production
  • Dasher II - produces slender, dark green fruit 8-9 inches long, known for crisp texture and good flavor, disease resistant hybrid variety
  • Fanfare - early producer of smooth green fruit 8-10 inches long, compact plant, long harvest season, disease resistant
  • Marketmore - this cucumber variety produces 8-9 inch, slender, dark green fruit with a white spine, disease resistant
  • Pot Luck - good for containers, dark green fruit 7-8 inches long with white spines, very productive
  • Salad Bush - compact hybrid plant good for containers, very disease resistant, this variety produces smooth, dark green fruits around 8 inches long
  • Slice Master - hybrid variety, 8-9 inch dark green fruit, early producer, disease reistant
  • Spacemaster - smooth, dark green fruit 7-9 inches long, compact plant
  • Straight Eight - great taste, deep green fruit 6-10 inches long, small seed cavity, prolific producer, heirloom variety
  • Sweet Success - very disease resistant, crisp, sweet flavor, thin skinned green fruits reach 12-15 inches long, best when grown vertically

Harvested Cucumbers

PICKLING CUCUMBERS - best varieties for pickling because they are mild tasting and very firm and crisp

  • County Fair - early producer hybrid, nearly seedless, 3 inches long, very vigorous cucumber variety, disease resistant
  • National Pickling - dark green fat fruit that reaches 5-7 inches long with black spines, prolific producer over long season
  • Pickle Bush - very crisp, tasty, dark green fruit reaching 5 inches long, classic whole pickle shape, very productive hybrid, good for containers
  • Regal - disease resistant, long slim fruit reaching 7 inches, this variety produces high yields over a long season
  • Saladin - can be pickled or eaten fresh, curved green fruit reaches 5 inches, small seeds, good all-purpose hybrid variety

BURPLESS CUCUMBERS - easiest varieties to digest and very mild taste, rarely get bitter

  • Burpless Hybrid - disease resistant, crisp and mild flesh can be pickled or sliced, straight bright green fruit reach 12 inches long, high production
  • Orient Express - very crisp and crunchy with tender skin, this hybrid cucumber variety produces slim, dark green fruits reaching 15 inches long
  • Sweet Slice - disease resistant, very sweet and crisp, tender skinned fruit 10-12 inches long that cylindrical in shape

SPECIALTY CUCUMBERS - these varieties are unique in shape, color and taste, a unique addition to any garden

  • Cucumber Lemon - this cucumber variety produces a round, light yellow fruit that is very tender and sweet, good for slicing or pickling
  • Suyo Long - Asian variety that produces large fruit reaching 16-18 inches, long, vigorous vines
  • Japanese Cucumber - this heirloom variety reaches 18 inches long, deep green color, small seeds
  • Armenian - very unusual variety is best grown vertically, produces greenish-yellow fruit reaching 36 inches long, also known as snake melons

Mature Cucumber Plant

Click here to learn about planting cucumbers

Click here to learn about fertilizing and watering cucumbers

Click here for help with cucumber plant problems

Click here for information about harvesting cucumbers

Click here for some of our favorite cucumber recipes

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